The present-day borders of Bangladesh took shape during the Partition of Bengal and the British India in 1947, when the region came to be known as East Pakistan, as a part of the newly formed state of Pakistan. It was separated from West Pakistan by 1,400 kilometres (870mi) of Indian territory. Because of political exclusion, ethnic and linguistic discrimination and economic neglect by the politically dominant western wing, nationalism, popular agitation and civil disobedience led to the Bangladesh Liberation War and independence in 1971. After independence, the new state endured poverty, famine, political turmoil and military coups. The restoration of democracy in 1991 has been followed by relative calm and economic progress. In 2014, the Bangladeshi general election was boycotted by major opposition parties, resulting in a parliament and government dominated by the Awami League and its smaller coalition partners.
"Bangla Desh" is a song by English musician George Harrison. It was released as a non-album single in July 1971, to raise awareness for the millions of refugees from the country formerly known as East Pakistan, following the 1970 Bhola cyclone and the outbreak of the Bangladesh Liberation War. Harrison's inspiration for the song came from his friend Ravi Shankar, a Bengali musician, who approached Harrison for help in trying to alleviate the suffering. "Bangla Desh" has been described as "one of the most cogent social statements in music history" and helped gain international support for Bangladeshi independence by establishing the name of the fledgling nation around the world. In 2005, United Nations Secretary-GeneralKofi Annan identified the song's success in personalising the Bangladesh crisis, through its emotive description of Shankar's request for help.
As the only country sharing a long border with Bangladesh and Myanmar, India has one of the "highest stakes" in resolving the issue of repatriation of displaced persons from the Rakhine State of Myanmar, New Delhi's envoy here said ... “India will continue to support both Bangladesh and Myanmar,” he said.
Bangladesh has appealed to the UN to resolve its decades-old dispute with India over the maritime demarcation in the southern Bay of Bengal, said official sources ... According to Bangladesh’s claim at the UN, India’s base point 89 is located on Bangladesh’s side of the maritime boundary with India, 2.3 nautical miles inside Bangladeshi waters.
If a tonne of steel costs 30 percent more, the price of an automobile will rise less than 1 percent, and even a 100 percent increase in maritime freight rates would have an impact of less than 1 percent on the price of a pair of jeans made in Bangladesh and bought in Berlin or New York.
Bangladesh does not sit astride the global sea lanes of communications like Sri Lanka... Also, the reputation that the current regime has been able to earn in terms of fighting against radicalism and terrorism has resulted in the free world’s faith in Bangladesh reviving ... Bangladesh provides easy connectivity to Southeast Asia.
But today our shared maritime heritage is facing many challenges ...There are maritime disputes between many countries. And climate change and natural disasters are also maritime domain related issues ... With this understanding and maturity, India has resolved its maritime boundary with its neighboring country Bangladesh.
Also asserting that the rights of sea-farers carrying on trade should be respected, PM Modi mooted five principles for a global framework for maritime security cooperation and pointed out how India had peacefully and with "maturity" resolved its maritime dispute with Bangladesh.
PM Modi chaired the high-level debate on 'Enhancing MaritimeSecurity... He outlined five principles relating to maritime security ... There are maritime disputes between many countries ... "We should remove barriers in legitimate maritime trade ... PM Modi said India had sorted out its maritime boundary with Bangladesh with understanding and maturity.